Internet is the namesake of the ultimate necessity these days. It’s so familiar that even a baby would not need its introduction! He will already be aware of it. The internet makes everything easy and within reach. The Internet has a system that holds the web world together. Its vastness is functional due to petite bits of codes that discover their way into the world with the assistance of thin wires. These wires are so thin that they are comparable to a strand of hair on the dark ocean floor. The data ultimately locates its way from New York to Sydney, from Hong Kong to London and hence, it lets you rediscover the world.
The cables cover an extension of nearly 750,000 miles to the various continents in order to satisfy and support our never-ending demand to access entertainment and communication. Companies are always looking into modes and ways through which the best services would be provided. Keeping that in mind the companies have typically pooled their resources to collaborate with the projects related to Undersea cables. This would act as a free space of sharing.
Google, however, has changed its strategies by following its own way, in a distinctive manner. It’s an in-a-class-by-itself project that connects the United States to Chile, which is the home of the company’s largest data center in Latin America.
Data Is Not in the Clouds:
“People think that the data is present in the clouds”, but actually it’s a myth! Jayne Stowell (Senior vice president of business development), who also oversees the constructions of Google’s undersea cable projects; states “the data is present in the ocean”.
“People think that data is in the cloud, but it’s not. It’s in the ocean.” Dive into this article from @nytimes to learn more about the undersea cable projects we launched this year ↓https://t.co/jIlqTPdwhf
— Google Cloud (@googlecloud) December 26, 2019
The process of getting there is an intensively exacting and time-consuming one. The procedure accelerates with a Ship, that has a height of 456-foot, ironically known as “Durable”. The ship will eventually carry the cables to the sea. First, the cables are assembled inside a sprawling factory, located at a distance of about a hundred yards in Newington, N.H.
How Internet Cables Are Placed in the Ocean:
The cables are assembled together like the cluster of strands of tiny threads of glass fibers. Followed by the lasers that propel data down the threads with the speed of light, using the fiber optic technology. After reaching the land and connecting with an existing network, the data makes its way to a person’s device through a web page or as an email.
These days most of us largely experience the accessibility of the internet through Wi-Fi and phone data plans. Those systems eventually link up with physical cables that are capable of carrying the information across the continent with smart swiftness.
Manufactring of the Undersea Internet Cables:
In the manufacturing process, the cables move through high-speed mills that matches the size of jet engines. Next, they wrap the wire in a copper casing that carries the electricity across the lines, simply to keep the data moving. Depending on the location of the cables; plastic, steel, and tar are added to assist in withstanding the unpredictable ocean environment. Eventually, when the work is finished, the cables will be found with the size of a thick garden hose.
A whole year is spent in planning about the charting or mapping of a cable route. This is necessary to avoid underwater hazards. However, the cables still have to withstand the heavy currents, rock slides, interference from fishing trawlers and the most dangerous of all is the earthquake. The life expectancy of each cable is 25 years.
A conveyor, that the staff members declare “the cable highway” ,moves the cable directly into durable, docked and Piscataquis river. The ship will carry over 4000 miles of cables, weighing about 3,500 metric tons when they are fully loaded.
Magnificent cross-section of an undersea cable. $400/foot (30cm).#worldofengineering #engineering #cable #electricalengineering #submarine #communication
Photo by Ann Lingard pic.twitter.com/9ngkoGpwx7
— World of Engineering (@engineers_feed) July 5, 2019
The making of the first Trans-Atlantic cable, which connected the United States and Britain was accomplished in the year 1858. The commemoration was processed by the imperial queen of England. President Buchanan of America received the message from Queen Victoria and the transmission of the message took 16 hours.
There are many wireless and satellite technologies in competition. But there is no match for “Cable”, which remains to be the most rapid, industrious and above all the least expensive methods of sending information globally. That by no means suggests that it’s cheap as google would never disclose the cost of it’s projected to Chile. But according to the experts: Subsea projects cost up to $350 million, depending on the length of the cable.
In contemporary time, the telecommunication companies had boasted the most about laying down the foundation of cable. But with the sweep of time, American Tech giants have turned careful and controlling. Google has backed 14 cables globally. Amazon, Facebook, and Microsoft have invested in data centers connecting in North America, South America, Asia, Europe, and Africa; according to a research firm called Tele Geography. Countries glance at the undersea cables as a critical infrastructure where the projects exhibit itself as flashpoints of Geopolitical disputes.
For e.g.- Last year, Australia made an effort to block the Chinese technology giant “Huawei” from building a cable that connected Australia to the Solomon Islands, for the fear of spying by the Chinese government.
Yann Durieux, a ship Captain; one said: One of my most important responsibility was to keep the morale of my crew superior during the length of work at sea”. Truly, building an infrastructure of the digital world is an ultimate labor-intensive job.
The ship carries enough supplies to last for 60 days in a total stretch. The commodities are:
200 loaves of bread, 100 gallons of milk, 500 cartons of a dozen eggs, 800 pounds of beef, 1,200 pounds of chicken and 1,800 pounds of rice. There are also 300 rolls of paper towels, 500 rolls of toilet paper, 700 bars of soap and almost 600 pounds of laundry detergent. No alcohol is allowed on board.
Walt Oswald once said, “I still get seasick,”. He is a technician who has a good record of laying the cables for the last 20 years. However, he also says that nausea isn’t for everyone!
Catastrophic Situations like poor weather is inevitable, resulting in the swells reaching up to 20 feet. When conditions improve, the ship tries to get back by retrieving the cut cable that has been left attached to a floating buoy, then stuck it back together.
The crew of the ship “Durable” doesn’t expect the work to take a slow pace in any circumstances. After the Latin America project, Google has good plans to build new cables running from Virginia to France, by 2020. The company has a totality of 13 data centers around the world, with eight more under construction.
Debbie Brask, the vice president of SubCom says “ This is a huge part of the infrastructure that’s making it happen”. She also adds “All of that data is going in undersea Cables.”